Bundles and Lengths
The proper packaging of lengths is essential to make sure that they are handled and transported safely. Quite often these lengths and bundles will need to be lifted by forklifts and placed on the ground which means they need to be protected from impact, scratching and denting. Long and heavy items that do not fit in a crate or case have to be strapped with steel strapping to a skid or pallet to enable them to be forklifted. Note that if they are packed on a skid, the skid must have a Safe Weight Limit (SWL) that exceeds the weight of the items.
Guidelines for Preparing Lengths for Transport
- Items must be bundled together with heavy steel or metal strapping.
- Having bearers strapped to them enables forklift handling from underneath. This is the preferred method.
Consequences of Poor Length Packaging
Long and heavy freight can pose a danger to freight handlers during transit and therefore must be prepared securely. Appropriate freight preparation also reduces the risk of damage to the goods themselves in transit. Failure to do so can result in the following:
- Scratched and damaged goods: painted surfaces in direct contact with pallet. While the goods have been bundled securely at each end, the items themselves have not been wrapped for protection. Lengths with exposed painted surfaces must be protected by heavy duty wrapping to prevent any damage to the surface.
- Lengths spearing out during transit: items have been bundled together too loosely. Multiple lengths must be bundled tightly to prevent movement during transit. Bundles of steel require metal strapping to secure the items.
- Damage to the ends: not supported by a full-length skid or a crate. Long bundles like copper pipe, can be prone to damage and needs to be supported at the ends.